Home Medizin Neue Studie zeigt, dass schwangere schwarze Frauen schwarze Anbieter in der Geburtshilfe bevorzugen

Neue Studie zeigt, dass schwangere schwarze Frauen schwarze Anbieter in der Geburtshilfe bevorzugen

von NFI Redaktion

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, black women in the United States are three times more likely to die from pregnancy-related causes than white women. Health inequities among people of color are the result of broader social and economic inequalities rooted in racism and discrimination.

In a new study being presented today at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (SMFM) Pregnancy Meeting™, researchers will present results indicating that pregnant individuals who are black may prefer an obstetrician who is also black.

The qualitative study examined the lived experiences of black women in childbirth and their views on having an obstetric provider who is also black.

The researchers conducted 16 individual interviews and five focus groups with individuals who identified themselves as black or African American. The researchers who conducted the interviews and focus groups also identified as black women. The average age of the 32 study participants was 34 years, with nearly two-thirds (63%) being married and nearly three-quarters (72%) having a bachelor’s degree or higher.

Five common themes emerged in the interviews: 1) the participants‘ desire for a black obstetrician, 2) their difficulties in finding a black obstetrician, 3) their experiences with stereotypes during childbirth, 4) their feelings of not being heard by obstetric providers and healthcare personnel, and 5) their fear of dying during pregnancy or childbirth.

“There have been many studies describing racial differences in obstetric outcomes,” said the study’s lead author, Dr. Nicole Teal, MPH, currently a maternal-fetal medicine subspecialist at UC San Diego Health and an assistant professor of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive sciences at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine. She conducted her research while on a maternal-fetal medicine fellowship at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.

„What’s new about our study is that there is very limited, thorough research focusing on the topic from a patient perspective and examining what greater diversity among obstetric providers could mean for the health outcomes of black birthing individuals. Our results suggest that increasing racial diversity among providers could be a strategy for eliminating inequities in childbirth. Other strategies recommended by our study participants included increasing continuity with prenatal care providers, eliminating stereotypes about black mothers, and improving respectful care overall.“

– Nicole Teal, MD, MPH, lead author of the study

The summary was published in the January 2024 supplement of the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Source:

Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine

Journal reference:

Nicole Teal, E. (2024). 64 Investigation of Perspectives of Black Birthing Individuals Regarding Racial Concordance with Obstetric Providers. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2023.11.085

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