In a recently published review in Antioxidants, researchers described the effects of exposure to air pollutants on male fertility parameters and sexual health.
They also discussed the potential clinical implications of air pollution on male reproduction and the role of oxidative stress in this process.
Effects of Air Pollution Exposure on Male Reproduction: The Role of Oxidative Stress
. Image credit: Vladimir Sukhachev/Shutterstock.com
Several studies have reported a global decline in male fertility potential, average sperm count, and concentration. Lifestyle factors, environmental influences, and prenatal conditions are considered possible causes for this decline.
The increasing socioeconomic burden of male infertility underscores the need for thorough investigation of its multifactorial etiology.
Pollution is a significant global health problem affecting nearly 2.4 billion people and causing over 6.4 million deaths annually. Air pollutants‘ classification is complex, encompassing parameters such as phase, source, location, and multiple emission sources, with primary and secondary pollutants originating from both natural and human activities.
Air pollutant exposure, like carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), ozone (O3), and particulate matter (PM), is known to contribute to various short- and long-term health issues, raising public health concerns.
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