Home Medizin Internationale Zusammenarbeit zeigt alarmierenden Anstieg der weltweiten Fettleibigkeit

Internationale Zusammenarbeit zeigt alarmierenden Anstieg der weltweiten Fettleibigkeit

von NFI Redaktion

According to a global analysis published in The Lancet, the total number of children, adolescents, and adults living with obesity worldwide has exceeded one billion.

These trends, along with the declining prevalence of underweight individuals since 1990, make obesity the most common form of malnutrition in most countries worldwide.

The new study was conducted by the NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC), a network of over 1,500 researchers and practitioners worldwide, including those from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) and Imperial College London, providing rigorous and reliable current data on key risk factors for non-communicable diseases.

The study, carried out in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO), revealed that obesity rates among children and adolescents globally have quadrupled from 1990 to 2022, while adult obesity rates have more than doubled.

Martin Mckee, Professor of European Public Health at LSHTM who contributed to the study, stated:

„This analysis is the result of remarkable international collaboration led by our colleagues at Imperial College.

„The increase in obesity is extremely alarming and poses a risk of undoing many of the medical advances we have benefited from in recent decades.“

„It also suggests that something is fundamentally wrong with our food system as it increasingly relies on the industrial production of energy-dense foods.“

„This can only be addressed through concerted actions placing health at the center of policy discussions in areas such as agriculture and trade.“

Island nations in the Pacific and Caribbean, as well as countries in the Middle East and North Africa had the highest combined rates of underweight and obesity in 2022.

Throughout the United Kingdom, the obesity rate among adults increased from 13.8% in 1990 to 28.3% in 2022 in women, and from 10.7% to 26.9% in 2022 in men. Among children and adolescents, the obesity rate rose from 4.7% in 1990 to 10.1% in 2022 in girls, and from 4.3% to 12.4% in 2022 in boys.

In the United States, the obesity rate increased from 21.2% in 1990 to 43.8% in 2022 in adult women, and from 16.9% to 41.6% in 2022 in men. The obesity rate among children and adolescents in the US rose from 11.6% in 1990 to 19.4% in 2022 in girls, and from 11.5% to 21.7% in 2022 in boys.

Source:

London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)

Journal Reference:

NCD Risk Factors Collaboration (NCD-RisC) (2024) Worldwide trends in underweight and obesity from 1990 to 2022: A pooled analysis of 3663 population-representative studies including 222 million children, adolescents, and adults. The Lancet. doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(23)02750-2.

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