Home Medizin Fettleibigkeit ist bei Mädchen im schulpflichtigen Alter mit verstärkten Schmerzen im Bewegungsapparat verbunden

Fettleibigkeit ist bei Mädchen im schulpflichtigen Alter mit verstärkten Schmerzen im Bewegungsapparat verbunden

von NFI Redaktion

According to a study by the Queen Mary University of London, girls with obesity are more likely to suffer from pain in bones, joints, muscles, tendons, or ligaments than children with a healthy weight. This was not the case for boys.

The researchers at Queen Mary hope that their findings will raise awareness that obesity can contribute to musculoskeletal problems in children.

In the study published today in the Archives of Disease in Childhood, researchers analyzed anonymized information on 120,000 children, linking data from the National Child Measurement Program with records from general practitioners. They found that girls with obesity were 1.7 times more likely than girls with a healthy weight to have consulted a general practitioner at least once for a musculoskeletal symptom or diagnosis. Previous studies have indicated a link between musculoskeletal problems and obesity in children, but this study is the first to observe the connection within a large, ethnically diverse population in the UK with high levels of obesity and deprivation in children.

Knee pain was the most commonly reported symptom in the study, followed by back pain. The authors suggest that musculoskeletal problems in this context may be caused by excess weight, which puts additional strain on the body’s joints. However, further research is needed to understand why this leads to an increase in problems in girls and not in boys.

The National Child Measurement Program is a government initiative where primary school children in England are weighed and measured by health professionals in school. The program collects data to understand long-term trends in childhood obesity and serve as a basis for national and local authority policies.

The research was funded by a grant from Barts Charity.

Our results demonstrate the value of linking and examining anonymized health data – without knowing a child’s identity, we were able to gain important insights into the consequences of obesity on childhood health.”

We hope that our findings will raise awareness of the importance of poor musculoskeletal health and drive further research to understand the link with obesity in children. More needs to be done at a policy level to support families in preventing obesity and potentially reducing the risk of musculoskeletal pain.”

Nicola Firman, Health Data Scientist at Queen Mary University of London

Victoria King, Director of Funding and Impact at Barts Charity, said:

“Through our funding, the REAL-HEALTH team at Queen Mary is using anonymized health data to gain insights and develop tools that directly impact local health outcomes. We are excited about the results of this first-of-its-kind study. The team found a link between childhood obesity and musculoskeletal conditions in a diverse British population. Building a stronger evidence base on the possible causes of joint and muscle pain could lead to policy changes that improve the health of children in East London and nationally.”

Source:

Queen Mary University of London

Journal Reference:

Firman, N., et al. (2024). Are children with obesity more likely to experience musculoskeletal complaints in childhood? A linked longitudinal cohort study using primary care records. Archives of Disease in Childhood. doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2023-326407.

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