Home Medizin Ernährungsgewohnheiten im Kindesalter beeinflussen die Arteriensteifheit im Jugendalter

Ernährungsgewohnheiten im Kindesalter beeinflussen die Arteriensteifheit im Jugendalter

von NFI Redaktion

A study funded by the British Heart Foundation (BHF) has found that a diet high in calories, fat, and sugar during childhood can damage blood vessel function, increasing the risk of early heart attacks and strokes in youth. The research, led by the University of Bristol and published in the British Journal of Nutrition, highlights the importance of healthy eating habits throughout life to protect heart health.

The researchers linked a diet high in calories, fat, and sugar, and low in fiber at ages seven and ten to stiffer arteries at age 17. Additionally, children whose diets closely resembled Mediterranean and anti-inflammatory eating patterns showed better heart health, with less arterial stiffness at 17 years old.

Dr. Genevieve Buckland, BHF Research Fellow at the Bristol Medical School, emphasized the importance of developing balanced eating habits from childhood to reduce the risk of future heart problems. The study, involving over 4,700 children from the „Children of the 90s“ health study, assessed diet quality at different ages and measured arterial stiffness and thickness at ages 17 and 24.

The findings suggest that improving nutrition should start early and continue throughout life to prevent heart disease. The researchers advocate for comprehensive government policies to make healthy options easily accessible to all, including regulations on junk food marketing and reducing salt and sugar content in everyday foods.

Dr. Sonya Babu-Narayan, Deputy Medical Director at BHF, stressed the need for a bold and comprehensive approach to ensure everyone has the opportunity for a long and healthy life, regardless of where they live. The study was supported by the Wellcome Trust and the UK Medical Research Council.

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