Home Medizin Die Studie deckt umfassendere Elemente der persönlichen Genesung von Personen auf, bei denen das Risiko einer psychischen Erkrankung besteht

Die Studie deckt umfassendere Elemente der persönlichen Genesung von Personen auf, bei denen das Risiko einer psychischen Erkrankung besteht

von NFI Redaktion

Definitions of what recovery means for individuals at risk of mental illness should extend beyond symptom remission to encompass broader areas of life and well-being. According to researchers from the University of Birmingham, „personal recovery“ – defined as the ability of a person to lead a fulfilling, meaningful life in a community of their choice despite illness-imposed limitations – can be experienced by people at risk of serious mental health problems.

The researchers argue that clinical services can expand the scope of interventions to support vulnerable individuals beyond preventing disease onset and supporting functional outcomes by identifying broader elements of recovery from emerging mental health problems.

In a new study published in Psychiatric Services, the team reviewed published research to examine young people’s experiences of personal recovery. The included studies focused on participants at risk of developing schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and severe depressive disorder.

Three key elements of recovery described by study participants included: gaining a better understanding of their mental health problems and finding ways to cope with them; determining purpose and meaning in life; and receiving support from people and services. Additionally, overcoming stigma associated with emerging mental health issues and addressing stigma at a societal level were identified as key elements of personal recovery.

By raising awareness of these broader elements of recovery, the researchers hope to provide clinicians with a framework to enhance care for vulnerable individuals.

Prevention of mental illness through early intervention services has become a major goal in psychiatry globally, but there are broader recovery needs that, according to individuals, should be considered. Supporting these broader recovery needs can lead to greater well-being and potentially prevent the onset of mental health problems.

Dr. Gerald Jordan, Lead Author

The early challenges that participants wanted to recover from were similar to those of individuals with existing mental health issues, including subtle symptoms, traumas, broader emotional, existential, and cognitive problems, relationship difficulties, and discrimination.

Key aspects considered important by the team included better connecting service users with peer self-help groups and promoting spiritual and religious support mechanisms for individuals with pre-existing spiritual or religious beliefs.

Dr. Jordan added, „To support the personal recovery of individuals at risk of developing mental health problems, our first step should be to acknowledge as a society that individual experiences outside the norm deserve tolerance and empathy. If we can achieve this, we can move towards a society where people with diverse experiences can openly discuss them and find meaningful ways to cope.“

Source:

Journal Reference:

Jordan, G., et al. (2024). Personal recovery in individuals at risk of developing severe mental health problems: A qualitative systematic review. Psychiatric Services. doi.org/10.1176/appi.ps.20230133.

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