Home Medizin Die Studie beleuchtet die Herausforderungen für das Wohlbefinden von Frauen im Gesundheitswesen

Die Studie beleuchtet die Herausforderungen für das Wohlbefinden von Frauen im Gesundheitswesen

von NFI Redaktion

A recent study in Globale Fortschritte in der integrativen Medizin und Gesundheit examines factors influencing the well-being of women in healthcare professions.

Study: The Well-being of Women in Healthcare Professions: A Comprehensive Overview. Image Credit: Ground Picture / Shutterstock.com









Study: The Well-being of Women in Healthcare Professions: A Comprehensive Overview. Image Credit: Ground Picture / Shutterstock.com

Background

Since 2000, the number of full-time healthcare workers has nearly doubled. Women constitute a significant portion of this growth and are crucial for the successful delivery of healthcare services. Therefore, understanding the factors contributing to women’s well-being in the workplace is important.

Due to the multitude of different roles women play in society, they can face significant pressure for success both at home and in the workplace. This can lead to undesirable outcomes such as professional burnout, mental stress, anxiety, depression, or even suicidal thoughts.

In the healthcare sector, these negative impacts can lead to a loss of patient trust, non-compliance with treatment protocols, and lower quality of care. Therefore, it is crucial that female healthcare professionals, in particular, receive adequate support.

About the Study

The current study examined a total of 71 studies published between 1979 and 2022 in 26 countries. These studies involved adult female healthcare professionals aged 18 to 74 years, including psychiatric professionals, clinical social workers, nurses, and doctors.

Several health-related factors were examined, including resilience, well-being, burnout, stress, and quality of life (QOL). The current study included individuals who identified as women regardless of their assigned gender at birth.

Study Findings

This comprehensive overview explored various study designs on the well-being of female healthcare professionals in different countries and social contexts. Previous studies defined well-being as the absence of illness or dissatisfaction with work; however, this definition is inadequate as well-being should also encompass the promotion of happiness, security, and comfort.

Several studies have found a negative correlation between poor work-life balance and well-being. For this reason, women are often encouraged to prioritize household and childcare needs over their professional development.

Approximately 25% of the reviewed studies suggest that women are more prone to burnout than their male counterparts due to restricted professional autonomy and poor working conditions. However, the burnout rate was lower when women worked in a supportive environment and had flexible working hours.

Furthermore, 20% of the studies emphasized the importance of personal relationships, with family relationships, romance, and friendships positively influencing the well-being of women in healthcare. The impact of environmental factors and individuals‘ life experiences was crucial for well-being.

Approximately 16% of the studies indicated that implicit gender bias is a key cause of mental stress among female healthcare workers. This manifested in various ways, including unequal pay, limited advancement opportunities, and colleagues not addressing women by their professional title.

Several studies discussed the positive correlation between conscious mindfulness, exercise, sleep, nutrition, and well-being. The results of these studies indicate that lifestyle interventions can reduce stress, compassion fatigue, and burnout.

The ability to engage in mentoring and professional development had a positive impact in 11% of the articles discussed. These activities foster a deeper connection with colleagues and lead to a greater sense of belonging, which in turn results in more fulfilling professional opportunities and higher job satisfaction.

Conclusions

The current study examined the well-being of female healthcare professionals and further analyzed the relationship between well-being and work-related stress factors. It was found that several factors contribute to emotional distress and job dissatisfaction, which can have serious consequences for the individual and the quality of patient care.

The study’s findings should serve as a catalyst for future research evaluating various levels of gender-sensitive interventions. More proactive methods such as educational workshops, mindfulness practices, and institutional policies should be implemented to explore the impacts of more holistic well-being practices for women.

Additionally, the definition of well-being could be more comprehensive by combining physical and mental health. Well-being also encompasses purpose, life satisfaction, and the ability to cope with stress.

Journal Reference:

  • Karakcheyeva, V., Willis-Johnson, H., Corr, PG, & Frame, LA (2024) The Well-being of Women in Healthcare Professions: A Comprehensive Overview. Globale Fortschritte in der integrativen Medizin und Gesundheit 13. doi:10.1177/27536130241232929

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