|Climate Justice – a global responsibility!|
International Conference on Climate Change in Paris
The 21st UN Conference on Climate Change will take place in Paris from 30 November to 11 December 2015. This conference will be of great importance, as a new international climate protection agreement is to be adopted to succeed the Kyoto Protocol.
There is an urgent need for such an agreement. In its report in 2014, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change warned that current efforts will not be sufficient to achieve the "two-degree target", i.e., limiting global warming to no more than 2°C. The consequences of climate change are already disastrous; throughout the world, millions of people already suffer from droughts, storms or inundations.
A part of the migration movements of African people into Europe is definitely due to climate change especially in the Sahelian zone it is becoming increasingly difficult to survive. NFI Vice president Mamadou Mbodi is from Senegal and has told us time and again how governments of African countries are often unable to cope with the consequences of climate change. We need to bear in mind that the main victims of climate change are those countries that are not the main generators of emissions, and that countries causing most emissions western industrialised nations, but also so-called emerging countries such as China, Brazil and India need to assume their responsibility.
The main cause of climate change is the burning of fossil fuels such as oil, gas or coal which releases the carbon dioxide bound in these fuels into the atmosphere, thus leading to a greenhouse gas effect. In order to limit global warming to less than two degrees, the emission of carbon dioxide needs to be reduced to zero in the next 35 years. This implies that about three quarters of all known fossil energy sources have to remain under the soil surface, and that investments into dirty energy sources need to stop.
Today, we are at a turning point: without an effective agreement, it will not be possible to limit global warming to a still-bearable measure. We must keep in mind that the negotiations can only be successfully concluded if NGOs exert the necessary pressure, which is why the Naturefriends associations take part in the international movement!
(By: Manfred Pils)
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